Certified Web Security Expert

Web  Security Testing (WST) is the Security testing techniques for vulnerabilities or security holes in corporate websites and web applications. These vulnerabilities leave websites open to exploitation.

Companies now a days are moving their most applications and critical business process on web. Web applications are a major point of vulnerability in organizations today. Web app holes have resulted in the theft of millions of credit cards, major financial and reputational damage for hundreds of enterprises, and even the compromise of thousands of browsing machines that visited Web sites altered by attackers.

It is sad but true that many of the advantages that make online applications so convenient, also make them incredibly insecure. As a result, hackers are able to use web applications to penetrate enterprises’ network and access private customer databases. The resulting identity and data theft has become a major concern for corporations and consumers alike.

Globally with the rising number of incidents of web defacement, the scope of Web Application penetration Tester is definitely rising. Today Web Application Penetration Testers are in very high demand in software companies, IT security firms, Government and Private Sectors etc.

Scope of web application penetration testing in india:
Web Pen tester, Web security analyst/consultant, Web Application security analyst



2 hours per day x 75 days



Advanced knowledge of Windows and Linux server

Secure Development in PHP

  • What is PHP
  • The history of PHP
  • Why choose PHP
  • Installation overview
  • Embedding PHP code on a page
  • Outputting dynamic text
  • The operational trail
  • Inserting code comments
  • Variables
  • Strings
  • String functions
  • Numbers part one Integers
  • Numbers part two
  • Floating points
  • Arrays
  • Associative arrays
  • Array functions
  • Booleans
  • NULL and empty
  • Type juggling and casting
  • Constants

Logical Expressions

  • If statements
  • Else and elseif statements
  • Logical operators
  • Switch statements


  • While loops
  • For loops
  • Foreach loops
  • Continue
  • Break
  • Understanding array pointers
  • Defining functions
  • Function arguments
  • Returning values from a function
  • Multiple return values
  • Scope and global variables
  • Setting default argument values
  • Common problems
  • Warnings and errors
  • Debugging and troubleshooting
  • Links and URLs
  • Using GET values
  • Encoding GET values
  • Encoding for HTML
  • Including and requiring files
  • Modifying headers
  • Page redirection
  • Output buffering
  • Building forms
  • Detecting form submissions
  • Single-page form processing
  • Validating form values
  • Problems with validation logic
  • Displaying validation errors
  • Custom validation functions
  • Single-page form with validations
  • Working with cookies
  • Setting cookie values
  • Reading cookie values
  • Unsetting cookie values
  • Working with sessions
  • MySQL introduction
  • Creating a database
  • Creating a database table
  • CRUD in MySQL
  • Populating a MySQL database
  • Relational database tables
  • Populating the relational table
  • Database APIs in PHP
  • Connecting to MySQL with PHP
  • Retrieving data from MySQL
  • Working with retrieved data
  • Creating records with PHP
  • Updating and deleting records with PHP
  • SQL injection
  • Escaping strings for MySQL
  • Introducing prepared statements
  • Blueprinting the application
  • Building the CMS database
  • Establishing your work area
  • Creating and styling the first page
  • Making page assets reusable
  • Connecting the application to the database
  • Adding pages to the navigation subjects
  • Refactoring the navigation
  • Selecting pages from the navigation
  • Highlighting the current page
  • Moving the navigation to a function
  • Finding a subject in the database
  • Refactoring the page selection
  • Creating a new subject form
  • Processing form values and adding subjects
  • Passing data in the session
  • Validating form values
  • Creating an edit subject form
  • Using single-page submission
  • Deleting a subject
  • Cleaning up
  • Assignment Pages CRUD
  • Assignment results Pages CRUD
  • The public appearance
  • Using a context for conditional code
  • Adding a default subject behavior
  • The public content area
  • Protecting page visibility
  • User authentication overview
  • Admin CRUD
  • Encrypting passwords
  • Salting passwords
  • Adding password encryption to CMS
  • New PHP password functions
  • Creating a login system
  • Checking for authorization
  • Creating a logout page
  • File system basics
  • Understanding file permissions
  • Setting file permissions
  • PHP permissions
  • Accessing files
  • Writing to files
  • Deleting files
  • Moving the file pointer
  • Reading files
  • Examining file details
  • Working with directories
  • Viewing directory content
  • Configuring PHP for email
  • Sending email with mail()
  • Using headers
  • Reviewing SMTP
  • Using PHPMailer

Web Security

  • Kali Linux history and introduction
  • Kali Linux GUI desktops
  • Kali Linux Commands
  • Tar and zips
  • Compiling programs
  • Identifying software packages
  • Installing and removing software
  • User account management
  • Changing a user account password
  • Passwd & Shadow file formats
  • File permissions
  • Directory permissions
  • Octal representation
  • Changing permissions
  • Setting default permissions
  • Internet addressing
  • Network services
  • Commonly available services
  • Fundamental network configuration files
  • Network control scripts

Hacking Concepts

  • Introduction to Hacking
  • Hacking vs. Ethical Hacking
  • Effects of Hacking on Business
  • Who is a Hacker?
  • Hacker Classes
  • Hacktivism
  • Hacking Phases
  • Defense in Depth

Vulnerability Assessment & Penetration Testing

  • Vulnerabilities
  • Vulnerability Research
  • Vulnerability Research Websites
  • What is Penetration Testing?
  • Why Penetration Testing
  • Penetration Testing Methodology
  • Security Policies
  • Types of Security Policies
  • Steps to Create and Implement Security Policies

Disaster Recovery & Risk Management

  • Defining Risk Management
  • Strategies for Managing Risk
  • How to Analyze Risk
  • Disaster Recovery Strategies
  • Plan Testing and Execution

Footprinting Concepts and Methodology

  • Footprinting Terminology
  • What is Footprinting?
  • Why Footprinting?
  • Objectives of Footprinting
  • Footprinting Threats


Footprinting using Search Engines

  • Finding Company’s External and Internal URLs
  • Public and Restricted Websites
  • Collect Location Information
  • People Search
  • People Search Online Services
  • People Search on Social Networking Services
  • Gather Information from Financial Services
  • Footprinting through Job Sites
  • Monitoring Target Using Alerts


Website Footprinting

  • Mirroring Entire Website
  • Website Mirroring Tools
  • Extract Website Information from http://www.archive.org
  • Monitoring Web Updates Using Website Watcher

Email Footprinting

  • Tracking Email Communications
  • Collecting Information from Email Header
  • Email Tracking Tools


Footprinting using Google

  • Footprint Using Google Hacking Techniques
  • What a Hacker can do with Google Hacking?
  • Google Advance Search Operators
  • Finding Resources Using Google Advance Operator
  • Google Hacking Tools


WHOIS Footprinting

  • WHOIS Lookup
  • WHOIS Lookup Result Analysis
  • WHOIS Lookup Tools
  • WHOIS Lookup Online Tools


DNS Footprinting

  • Extracting DNS Information
  • DNS Interrogation Tools
  • Using Nslookup
  • Dig for Unix / Linux

Network Footprinting

  • Locate the Network Range
  • Determine the Operating System
  • Traceroute
  • Traceroute Analysis
  • Traceroute Tools


Footprinting using Social Engineering

  • Footprinting through Social Engineering
  • Collect Information Using Eavesdropping, Shoulder Surfing, and Dumpster Diving
  • Collect Information through Social Engineering on Social Networking Sites


Footprinting using Social Networking Sites

  • Collecting Facebook Information
  • Collecting Twitter Information
  • Collecting Linkedin Information
  • Collecting Youtube Information
  • Tracking Users on Social Networking Sites


Footprinting Tools

  • Maltego
  • Domain Name Analyzer Pro
  • Web Data Extractor
  • Additional Footprinting Tools

Scanning Networks Concepts and Methodology

  • Network Scanning
  • Scanning Methodology


Check for Live Systems

  • ICMP Scanning
  • Ping Sweep
  • Ping Sweep Tools


Banner Grabbing

  • Banner Grabbing Tools
  • Banner Grabbing Countermeasures: Disabling or Changing Banner
  • Hiding File Extensions from Web Pages

Check for Open Ports

  • Three-Way Handshake
  • TCP Communication Flags
  • Create Custom Packet Using TCP Flags
  • Scanning IPv6 Network
  • Scanning Tool
  • Hping2 / Hping3
  • Hping Commands
  • Scanning Techniques
  • Nmap
  • TCP Connect / Full Open Scan
  • Stealth Scan (Half-open Scan)
  • Xmas Scan
  • FIN Scan
  • NULL Scan
  • IDLE Scan
  • ICMP Echo Scanning/List Scan
  • UDP Scanning
  • Inverse TCP Flag Scanning
  • ACK Flag Scanning

Scanning Beyond IDS

  • IDS Evasion Techniques
  • SYN/FIN Scanning Using IP Fragments


Scan for Vulnerability

  • Security Alerts
  • Vulnerability Scanning
  • Vulnerability Scanning Tool
  • IBM Appscan
  • GFI Languard
  • Network Vulnerability Scanners
  • Analyzing the Scan Results
  • Generating Reports
  • Remediation
  • Patch Management

Social Engineering Concepts

  • What is Social Engineering?
  • Behaviors Vulnerable to Attacks
  • Factors that Make Companies Vulnerable to Attacks
  • Why Is Social Engineering Effective?
  • Warning Signs of an Attack
  • Phases in a Social Engineering Attack
  • Impact on the Organization
  • “Rebecca” and “Jessica”
  • Common Targets of Social Engineering

Social Engineering Techniques

  • Introduction of Social Engineering
  • Types of Social Engineering
  • Human-based Social Engineering
  • Technical Support
  • Authority Support
  • Human base
  • Human base: Eavesdropping and Shoulder Surfing
  • Human base: Dumpster Diving
  • Computer based Attacks
  • Computer based Attacks: Pop-Ups
  • Computer based Attacks: Phishing
  • Computer based Attacks: Spear Phishing
  • Computer based Attacks: Using Social Media
  • Mobile based
  • Mobile based: Publishing Malicious Apps
  • Mobile based: Repackaging Legitimate Apps
  • Mobile based: Fake Security Applications
  • Mobile based: Using SMS
  • Insider Attack
  • Disgruntled Employee
  • Preventing Insider Threats
  • How to Detect Phishing Emails
  • Anti-Phishing Toolbar: Netcraft
  • Anti-Phishing Toolbar: PhishTank
  • Identity Theft

DoS/DDoS Concepts

  • What is a Denial of Service Attack?
  • What are Distributed Denial of Service Attacks?
  • How Distributed Denial of Service Attacks Work
  • Symptoms of a DoS Attack
  • Cyber Criminals
  • Organized Cyber Crime: Organizational Chart


DoS Attack Techniques

  • Bandwidth Attacks
  • Service Request Floods
  • SYN Attack
  • SYN Flooding
  • ICMP Flood Attack
  • Peer-to-Peer Attacks
  • Permanent Denial-of-Service Attack
  • Application Level Flood Attacks


  • Botnet Propagation Technique
  • Botnet Ecosystem
  • Botnet Trojan: Shark
  • Poison Ivy: Botnet Command Control Center
  • Botnet Trojan: PlugBot
  • Botnet Trojans: Illusion Bot and NetBot Attacker


DDoS Case Study

  • DDoS Attack
  • DDoS Attack Tool: LOIC
  • Hackers Advertise Links to Download Botnet
  • DoS Attack Tools

Denial of Service Attack Detection Techniques

  • Activity Profiling
  • Wavelet Analysis
  • Sequential Change-Point Detection
  • Post-Attack Forensics
  • Techniques to Defend against Botnets
  • DoS/DDoS Protection at ISP Level
  • Enabling TCP Intercept on Cisco IOS Software
  • Advanced DDoS Protection Appliances

Session Hijacking Concepts

  • What is Session Hijacking?
  • Why Session Hijacking is Successful?
  • Key Session Hijacking Techniques
  • Brute Forcing Attack
  • Spoofing vs. Hijacking
  • Session Hijacking Process
  • Types of Session Hijacking
  • Attack Vectors
  • The Impact of Session Hijacking
  • Session Hijacking and the OWASP Top 10


Session Hijacking in Web Applications

  • The Stateless Nature of HTTP
  • Persisting State Over HTTP
  • Session Persistence in Cookies
  • Session Persistence in the URL
  • Session Persistence in Hidden Form Fields
  • Hijacking Sessions in Web Applications
  • Hijacking Cookies with Cross Site Scripting
  • Exposed Cookie Based Session IDs in Logs
  • Exposed URL Based Session IDs in Logs
  • Leaking URL Persisted Sessions in the Referrer
  • Session Sniffing
  • Session Fixation
  • Brute Forcing Session IDs
  • Session Donation

Session Hijacking in Network and Client Level

  • Understanding TCP
  • Reviewing the Three-way Handshake in Wireshark
  • Generation and Predictability of TCP Sequence Numbers
  • Blind Hijacking
  • Man in the Middle Session Sniffing
  • IP Spoofing
  • UDP Hijacking
  • Man in the Browser Attacks
  • Network Level Session Hijacking in the Wild


Mitigating the Risk of Session Hijacking

  • Use Strong Session IDs
  • Keep Session IDs Out of the URL
  • Don’t Reuse Session ID for Auth
  • Always Flag Session ID Cookies as HTTP Only
  • Use Transport Layer Security
  • Always Flag Session ID Cookies as Secure
  • Session Expiration and Using Session Cookies
  • Consider Disabling Sliding Sessions
  • Encourage Users to Log Out
  • Re-authenticate Before Key Actions

Automating Session Hijack Attacks

  • Manipulating Session IDs with OWASP ZAP
  • Testing Session Token Strength with Burp Suite
  • Dynamic Analysis Testing with NetSparker
  • Other Tools

Introduction & fundamentals of Metasploit

  • Terminologies and Requirement of Metasploit
  • Metasploit Architecture
  • Mixins and Plugins
  • Msfconsole
  • Exploits in Metasploit
  • Important commands for Exploits usage
  • Payload Basics
  • Generating Different Payloads
  • Database in Metasploit
  • Meterpreter in Metasploit
  • Meterpreter usage in Metasploit

Information Gathering & Vulnerability scanning via Metasploit

  • Port scanning with Metasploit
  • Target mssql
  • Service information via Metasploit
  • SNMP sniffing
  • Psnuffel script in Metasploit
  • Custom scanner by user
  • SMB Login Check Scanner
  • Open VNC server scanning
  • WMAP web scanner in Metasploit
  • NeXpose scanner via Metasploit
  • Nessus usage and Metasploit


Exploit-payload Creation

  • Design Goals for an Exploit
  • mixins in exploit writing
  • Msfvenom
  • AN Shellcode

Client side Attacks

  • Binary Payloads
  • Trojans for linux via Metasploit
  • Malicious PDF file via Metasploit
  • After exploitation stuff
  • Privilege Escalation
  • Pass the hash attack
  • Session stealing attacks
  • Registry and backdoors in Metsploit
  • Packet sniffing with Metasploit
  • Bypassing the forensic investigation
  • Monitoring and searching the victim


Scripts, Meterpreter and Ruby extension

  • Automation of Meterpreter via rc scripts
  • Irb shell programming in Meterpreter
  • Backdooring the remote system
  • Keylogging the remote system
  • Metsvc exploitation
  • Persistence exploitation services

Web server Concepts

  • Web server Market Shares
  • Open Source Web server Architecture
  • IIS Web server Architecture
  • Understanding How Web Servers Are Hacked
  • The Impact of Hacking
  • Web Servers versus Web Applications
  • The Role of Cloud


Discovering Risks & Misconfiguration in Web Servers

  • Crawling, Enumeration, and Directory Traversal
  • Mirroring Websites
  • Reconnaissance and Footprinting
  • HTTP Fingerprinting
  • Social Engineering
  • Internal Leakage
  • Debug Settings
  • Excessive Access Rights
  • Misconfigured SSL
  • Weaknesses in Default Configurations

Other Attacks against Web Servers

  • Website Defacement
  • HTTP Response Splitting
  • Web Cache Poisoning
  • Brute Forcing Authentication Schemes
  • Streamline Testing with Automation
  • Hacking Web Applications


Web server Security Tools

  • Syhunt Dynamic
  • N-Stalker Web Application Security Scanner
  • Wikto
  • Acunetix Web Vulnerability Scanner
  • HackAlert
  • QualysGuard Malware Detection

Managing and Hardening Web Servers

  • What is Patch Management?
  • Identifying Appropriate Sources for Updates and Patches
  • Installation of a Patch
  • Implementation and Verification of a Security Patch or Upgrade
  • Patch Management Tools
  • Support and End of Life
  • Locking Down Services
  • Designing for Network Segmentation
  • Sandboxing

Why SQL Injection Matters

  • The Significance of SQL Injection
  • Executing a SQL Injection Attack
  • The Impact of a Successful Attack
  • SQL Injection in the Wild


Understanding SQL Queries

  • Understanding Structured Query Language
  • Statement Termination
  • Using the SQL Comment Syntax
  • SQL Queries versus Data
  • The Value of Internal Exceptions


The Mechanics of SQL Injection Attacks

  • Types of SQL Injection
  • The Single Character Injection Test
  • Modifying the Query Structure
  • Circumventing Website Logins
  • Modifying Data and Database Objects
  • Identifying the Risk in Code
  • Understanding and Detecting Input Sanitization

Discovering Schema and Extracting Data

  • Understanding the Union Operator
  • Executing Union Injection
  • Manual Database Structure Discovery with Error-based Injection
  • Querying System Objects for Schema Discovery
  • Extracting Schema Details with Union Injection
  • Enumerating Result Sets with Sub-queries
  • Extracting Schema Details with Error-based Injection


Blind SQL Injection

  • Basic and Blind Attack Success Criteria
  • Understanding a Blind Attack
  • Applying Boolean Based Injection
  • Constructing Yes and No Questions for Boolean Based Injection
  • Enumerating via ASCII Values
  • Where Time Based Injection Makes Sense
  • Understanding the WAITFOR DELAY Command
  • Constructing a Time Based Attack


Advanced SQL Injection Concepts

  • Database Server Feature Comparison
  • Establishing Account Identity and Rights
  • Enumerating Other Databases on the System
  • Creating Database Logins
  • Extracting Passwords from SQL Server Hashes
  • Replicating a Table Using OPENROWSET
  • Executing Commands on the Operating System
  • SQL Injection for Network Reconnaissance

Defending Against Attacks

  • Implement Proper Error Handling
  • Validating Untrusted Data
  • Query Parameterization
  • Stored Procedures
  • Object Relational Mappers
  • The Principle of Least Privilege
  • Isolating the Database Network Segment
  • Using an IDS or WAF
  • Keeping Software Patched and Current


Evasion Techniques

  • Understanding Signatures
  • Basic Evasion Techniques
  • Encoding for Evasion
  • Splitting Strings
  • White Space Diversity
  • Inline Comments
  • Variables
  • String Manipulation


Automating Attacks

  • Testing in the Browser with SQL Inject Me
  • Fuzz Testing with Burp Suite
  • Data Extraction with Havij
  • Schema Mapping with sqlmap
  • Dynamic Analysis Testing with NetSparker

Web App Concepts

  • Introduction to Web Applications
  • Web Application Components
  • How Web Applications Work?
  • Web Application Architecture
  • Web 2.0 Applications
  • Vulnerability Stack
  • Web Attack Vectors


Understanding Security in Web Applications

  • The State of Web Application Security
  • Understanding Web Application Security
  • Query Strings, Routing, and HTTP Verbs
  • The Discoverability of Client Security Constructs
  • Protections Offered by Browsers
  • What the Browser Can’t Defend Against


Reconnaissance and Footprinting

  • Spidering with NetSparker
  • Forced Browsing with Burp Suite
  • Directory Traversal
  • Banner Grabbing with Wget
  • Server Fingerprinting with Nmap
  • Discovery of Development Artefacts with Acunetix
  • Discovery of Services via Generated Documentation
  • Discovering Framework Risks
  • Identifying Vulnerable Targets with Shodan

Tampering of Untrusted Data

  • OWASP and the Top 10 Web Application Security Risks
  • Understanding Untrusted Data
  • Parameter Tampering
  • Hidden Field Tampering
  • Mass Assignment Attacks
  • Cookie Poisoning
  • Insecure Direct Object References
  • Defending Against Tampering
  • Basic techniques
  • Deep data hiding
  • Brute-force and dictionary attacks
  • Account lockout attack
  • Path and information disclosure
  • Forced browsing
  • Path traversal
  • Unicode encoding
  • Parameter delimiter


Incjection attacks

  • PHP injection
  • Direct static code injection


Attacks Involving the Client

  • Reflected Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
  • Persistent Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
  • Defending Against XSS Attacks
  • Identifying XSS Risks and Evading Filters
  • Client Only Validation
  • Insufficient Transport Layer Security
  • Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
  • Cross Site Tracing attack (XST)
  • Cross Site Request Forgery attack (XSRF)

Attacks against Identity Management and Access Controls

  • Understanding Weaknesses in Identity Management
  • Identity Enumeration
  • Weaknesses in the ‘Remember Me’ Feature
  • Resources Missing Access Controls
  • Insufficient Access Controls
  • Privilege Elevation


Denial of Service Attacks

  • Understanding DoS
  • Exploiting Password Resets
  • Exploiting Account Lockouts
  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
  • Automating DDoS Attacks with LOIC
  • DDoS as a Service
  • Features at Risk of a DDoS Attack
  • Other DDoS Attacks and Mitigations


More advanced techniques

  • Spying on data with a browser
  • Session hijacking
  • Session fixation
  • Automated security testing
  • Improper Error Handling
  • Understanding Salted Hashes
  • Insecure Cryptographic Storage
  • Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards
  • Exposed Exceptions Logs with ELMAH
  • Vulnerabilities in Web Services
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